Human and zoonotic pathogens and toxins -- ECCN 1C351

For the current list of items subject to this ECCN, notes, and availability of licenses exceptions, refer to 1C351 in the Commerce Control List. The August 7, 2014 list included:

Section A:
Viruses identified on the Australia Group (AG) “List of Biological Agents for Export Control,” as follows:

  1. Andes virus;
  2. Chapare virus;
  3. Chikungunya virus;
  4. Choclo virus;
  5. Congo-Crimean haemorrhagic fever virus (a.k.a. Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever virus);
  6. Dengue fever virus;
  7. Dobrava-Belgrade virus;
  8. Eastern equine encephalitis virus;
  9. Ebola virus;
  10. Guanarito virus;
  11. Hantaan virus;
  12. Hendra virus (Equine morbillivirus);
  13. Japanese encephalitis virus;
  14. Junin virus;
  15. Kyasanur Forest virus;
  16. Laguna Negra virus;
  17. Lassa fever virus;
  18. Louping ill virus;
  19. Lujo virus;
  20. Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus;
  21. Machupo virus;
  22. Marburg virus;
  23. Monkey pox virus;
  24. Murray Valley encephalitis virus;
  25. Nipah virus;
  26. Omsk haemorrhagic fever virus;
  27. Oropouche virus;
  28. Powassan virus;
  29. Rift Valley fever virus;
  30. Rocio virus;
  31. Sabia virus;
  32. Seoul virus;
  33. Sin nombre virus;
  34. St. Louis encephalitis virus;
  35. Tick-borne encephalitis virus (Far Eastern subtype, formerly known as Russian Spring-Summer encephalitis virus);
  36. Variola virus;
  37. Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus;
  38. Western equine encephalitis virus; or
  39. Yellow fever virus.

Section B:
Viruses identified on the APHIS/CDC “select agents” lists (see Related Controls paragraph #2 for this ECCN), but not identified on the Australia Group (AG) “List of Biological Agents for Export Control,” as follows:

  1. Reconstructed replication competent forms of the 1918 pandemic influenza virus containing any portion of the coding regions of all eight gene segments;
  2. SARS-associated coronavirus (SARS-CoV); or
  3. Tick-borne encephalitis virus (Siberian subtype, formerly West Siberian virus).

Section C:
Bacteria identified on the Australia Group (AG) “List of Biological Agents for Export Control,” as follows:

  1. Bacillus anthracis;
  2. Brucella abortus;
  3. Brucella melitensis;Brucella suis;
  4. Burkholderia mallei (Pseudomonas mallei);
  5. Burkholderia pseudomallei (Pseudomonas pseudomallei);
  6. Chlamydophila psittaci (formerly known as Chlamydia psittaci);
  7. Clostriduim argentinense (formerly known as Clostridium botulinum Type G), botulinum neurotoxin producing strains;
  8. Clostridium baratii, botulinum neurotoxin producing strains;
  9. Clostridium botulinum;
  10. Clostridium butyricum, botulinum neurotoxin producing strains;
  11. Clostridium perfringens, epsilon toxin producing types;
  12. Coxiella burnetii;
  13. Francisella tularensis;
  14. Rickettsia prowazekii;
  15. Salmonella typhi;
  16. Shiga toxin producing Escherichia coli (STEC) of serogroups O26, O45, O103, O104, O111, O121, O145, O157, and other shiga toxin producing serogroups; Note: Shiga toxin producing Escherichia coli (STEC) is also known as enterohaemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC) or verocytotoxin producing E. coli (VTEC).
  17. Shigella dysenteriae;
  18. Vibrio cholerae; or
  19. Yersinia pestis.

Section D:
“Toxins” identified on the Australia Group (AG) “List of Biological Agents for Export Control,” as follows, and “subunits” thereof:

  1. Abrin;
  2. Aflatoxins;
  3. Botulinum toxins;
  4. Cholera toxin;
  5. Clostridium perfringens alpha, beta 1, beta 2, epsilon and iota toxins;
  6. Conotoxin;
  7. Diacetoxyscirpenol toxin;
  8. HT-2 toxin;
  9. Microcystin (Cyanginosin);
  10. Modeccin toxin;
  11. Ricin;
  12. Saxitoxin;
  13. Shiga toxin;
  14. Staphylococcus aureus enterotoxins, hemolysin alpha toxin, and toxic shock syndrome toxin (formerly known as Staphylococcus enterotoxin F);
  15. T-2 toxin;
  16. Tetrodotoxin;
  17. Verotoxin and other Shiga-like ribosome inactivating proteins;
  18. Viscum Album Lectin 1 (Viscumin); or
  19. Volkensin toxin.

Section E:
“Fungi”, as follows:

  1. Coccidioides immitis; or
  2. Coccidioides posadasii.