Fields of R&D for the FY 2016 Higher Education Research and Development Survey

Downloadable lists of the changes:

A. Computer and Information Sciences

  • Artificial intelligence
  • Computer and information technology administration and management
  • Computer science
  • Computer software and media applications
  • Computer systems analysis
  • Computer systems networking and telecommunications
  • Data processing
  • Information sciences, studies
  • Information technology
  • Management information systems (moved to Non‐S&E Fields, Business Management and Business Administration)

B. Engineering

1. Aerospace, Aeronautical, and Astronautical Engineering

  • Aerodynamics
  • Aerospace engineering
  • Space technology

2. Bioengineering and Biomedical Engineering

  • Biological and biosystems engineering
  • Biomaterials engineering
  • Biomedical technology
  • Medical engineering

3. Chemical Engineering

  • Biochemical engineering
  • Chemical and biomolecular engineering
  • Engineering chemistry
  • Paper science
  • Petroleum engineering (moved to Other Engineering)
  • Petroleum refining process
  • Polymer, plastics engineering
  • Wood science (moved to Life Sciences, Agricultural Sciences)

4. Civil Engineering

  • Architectural engineering
  • Architecture (moved to Non‐S&E Fields, Other Non‐S&E Fields)
  • Construction engineering
  • Engineering management, administration
  • Environmental, environmental health engineering
  • Geotechnical and geoenvironmental engineering
  • Sanitary engineering
  • Structural engineering
  • Surveying engineering
  • Transportation and highway engineering
  • Water resources engineering

5. Electrical, Electronic, and Communications Engineering

  • Communications engineering
  • Computer engineering
  • Computer hardware engineering
  • Computer software engineering
  • Electrical and electronics engineering
  • Laser and optical engineering
  • Power
  • Telecommunications engineering

6. (NEW) Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

  • Industrial engineering (moved from Other Engineering)
  • Manufacturing engineering (moved from Other Engineering)
  • Operations research (moved from Mathematics and Statistics)
  • Systems engineering (moved from Other Engineering)

7. Mechanical Engineering

  • Electromechanical engineering
  • Engineering mechanics (moved to Other Engineering)
  • Mechatronics, robotics, and automation engineering

8. Metallurgical and Materials Engineering

  • Ceramic sciences and engineering
  • Geophysical, geological engineering
  • Materials engineering
  • Materials science (moved to Physical Sciences, Materials Science)
  • Metallurgical engineering
  • Mining and mineral engineering
  • Textile sciences and engineering
  • Welding

9. Other Engineering

  • Agricultural engineering
  • Engineering design
  • Engineering mechanics, physics, and science (moved from Mechanical Engineering)
  • Forest engineering
  • Industrial engineering (moved to Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering)
  • Manufacturing engineering (moved to Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering)
  • Nanotechnology
  • Naval architecture and marine engineering
  • Nuclear engineering
  • Ocean engineering
  • Petroleum engineering (moved from Chemical Engineering)
  • Systems engineering (moved to Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering)
  • Other engineering fields that cannot be classified using the fields above

C. Geosciences, Atmospheric, and Ocean Sciences (previously Environmental Sciences)

1. Atmospheric Science and Meteorology

  • Aeronomy
  • Atmospheric chemistry and climatology
  • Atmospheric physics and dynamics
  • Extraterrestrial atmospheres
  • Meteorology
  • Solar
  • Weather modification

2. Geological and Earth Sciences

  • Cartography (moved to Social Sciences, Other Social Sciences)
  • Earth and planetary sciences
  • Geochemistry
  • Geodesy and gravity
  • Geology
  • Geomagnetism
  • Geophysics and seismology
  • Hydrology and water resources
  • Minerology and petrology
  • Paleomagnetism
  • Paleontology
  • Physical geography
  • Stratigraphy and sedimentation
  • Surveying

3. Ocean Sciences and Marine Sciences

  • Biological oceanography
  • Geological oceanography
  • Marine biology
  • Marine oceanography
  • Marine sciences
  • Oceanography, chemical and physical

4. Other Geosciences, Atmospheric and Ocean Sciences

  • Other fields that cannot be classified using the fields listed above

D. Life Sciences

1. Agricultural Sciences

  • Agricultural business and management
  • Agricultural chemistry
  • Agricultural economics (moved from Social Sciences, Economics)
  • Agricultural engineering—report in Engineering
  • Agricultural production operations
  • Animal sciences
  • Applied horticulture and horticultural business services
  • Aquaculture
  • Conservation (moved to Natural Resources and Conservation)
  • Fishing and fisheries sciences and management
  • Food science and technology
  • Forestry
  • International agriculture
  • Landscape architecture (moved to Non S&E Fields, Other Non‐S&E Fields)
  • Plant sciences
  • Renewable natural resources (moved to Natural Resources and Conservation)
  • Soil sciences
  • Veterinary medicine (moved to Health Sciences)
  • Wood science (moved from Engineering, Chemical Engineering)

2. Biological and Biomedical Sciences (previously Biological Sciences)

  • Allergies and immunology
  • Biochemistry, biophysics, and molecular biology
  • Biogeography
  • Biology and biomedical sciences, general
  • Biomathematics, bioinformatics, and computational biology
  • Biotechnology
  • Botany and plant biology
  • Cell, cellular biology, and anatomical sciences
  • Epidemiology, ecology and population biology
  • Foods and nutrition studies (moved to Non‐S&E Fields, Other Non‐S&E Fields)
  • Genetics
  • Microbiological sciences and immunology
  • Molecular medicine
  • Neurobiology and neuroscience (moved from Health Sciences)
  • Nutritional sciences (renamed Dietetics and clinical nutrition services and moved to Health Sciences)
  • Pharmacology and toxicology
  • Physical anthropology (moved to Social Sciences, Anthropology)
  • Physiology, pathology and related sciences
  • Veterinary medicine (moved to Health Sciences)
  • Zoology, animal biology

3. Health Sciences (previously Medical Sciences)

  • Advanced, graduate dentistry and oral sciences
  • Allied health and medical assisting services
  • Bioethics, medical ethics
  • Clinical/medical laboratory science/research and allied professions (moved from Other Life Sciences)
  • Clinical medicine research (includes several medical fields that had been previously listed separately)
  • Communication disorders sciences and services (moved from Other Life Sciences)
  • Dentistry
  • Dietetics and clinical nutrition services (previously Nutritional sciences; moved from Biological and Biomedical Sciences)
  • Gerontology, health sciences (moved from Other Life Sciences)
  • Health and medical administrative services (moved from Other Life Sciences)
  • Health, medical preparatory programs
  • Kinesiology and exercise science
  • Medical clinical science, graduate medical studies
  • Medical illustration and informatics
  • Medicine
  • Mental health
  • Neurosciences (moved to Biological and Biomedical Sciences)
  • Nursing (moved from Other Life Sciences)
  • Optometry
  • Osteopathic medicine, osteopathy
  • Pharmacology (moved to Biological and Biomedical Sciences)
  • Pharmacy, pharmaceutical sciences, and administration
  • Podiatric medicine, podiatry
  • Public health
  • Radiological science
  • Registered nursing, nursing administration, nursing research and clinical nursing (moved from Other Life Sciences)
  • Rehabilitation and therapeutic professions (Some subdisciplines moved from Other Life Sciences.)
  • Veterinary biomedical and clinical sciences
  • Veterinary medicine (Some subdisciplines moved from Agricultural Sciences or Biological and Biomedical Sciences.)

4. (NEW) Natural Resources and Conservation

  • Natural resources conservation and research (moved from Agricultural Sciences)
  • Natural resources economics (moved from Social Sciences, Economics)
  • Natural resources management and policy
  • Renewable natural resources (moved from Agricultural Sciences)
  • Wildlife and wildlands science and management

5. Other Life Sciences

  • Clinical/medical laboratory technologies (moved to Health Sciences)
  • Communication disorders sciences and services (moved to Health Sciences)
  • Gerontology, health sciences (moved to Health Sciences)
  • Health and medical administrative services (moved to Health Sciences)
  • Nursing (moved to Health Sciences)
  • Occupational therapy (part of Rehabilitation and therapeutic professions; moved to Health Sciences)
  • Physical therapy (part of Rehabilitation and therapeutic professions; moved to Health Sciences)
  • Registered nursing, nursing administration, nursing research and clinical nursing (moved to Health Sciences)
  • Rehabilitation services (part of Rehabilitation and therapeutic professions; moved to Health Sciences)
  • Therapeutic services (part of Rehabilitation and therapeutic professions; moved to Health Sciences)
  • Other life sciences that cannot be classified using the fields listed above

E. Mathematics and Statistics

  • Applied mathematics
  • Mathematics
  • Operations research (moved to Engineering, Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering)
  • Statistics

F. Physical Sciences

1. Astronomy and Astrophysics

  • Astronomy
  • Astrophysics
  • Planetary astronomy and science

2. Chemistry (except Biochemistry—report in Biological and Biomedical Sciences)

  • Analytical chemistry
  • Chemical physics (moved from Physics)
  • Environmental chemistry
  • Forensic chemistry
  • Inorganic chemistry
  • Organic chemistry
  • Organo-metallic chemistry
  • Pharmaceutical chemistry (moved to Life Sciences, Health Sciences)
  • Physical chemistry
  • Polymer chemistry
  • Theoretical chemistry

3. (NEW) Materials Science

  • Materials chemistry
  • Materials science (moved from Engineering, Metallurgical and Materials Engineering)

4. Physics

  • Acoustics
  • Atomic, molecular physics
  • Chemical physics (moved to Chemistry)
  • Condensed matter and materials physics
  • Elementary particle physics
  • Mathematical physics
  • Nuclear physics
  • Optics, optical sciences
  • Plasma, high‐temperature physics
  • Theoretical physics

5. Other Physical Sciences

  • Other physical sciences that cannot be classified using the fields listed above

G. Psychology

  • Animal behavior (part of Zoology; moved to Life Sciences, Biological and Biomedical Sciences)
  • Art therapy (part of Rehabilitation and therapeutic professions; moved to Life
  • Sciences, Health Sciences)
  • Clinical psychology
  • Counseling and applied psychology
  • Human development
  • Research and experimental psychology

H. Social Sciences

1. (NEW) Anthropology

  • Cultural anthropology (moved from Sociology, Demography, and Population Studies)
  • Medical anthropology
  • Physical and biological anthropology (moved from Life Sciences, Biological and Biomedical Sciences)

2. Economics

  • Agricultural economics (moved to Life Sciences, Agricultural Sciences)
  • Applied economics
  • Business development
  • Development economics and international development
  • Econometrics and quantitative economics
  • Industrial economics
  • International economics
  • Labor economics
  • Managerial economics
  • Public finance and fiscal policy
  • Resource economics (moved to Life Sciences, Natural Resources and Conservation)

3. Political Science and Government

  • Comparative government
  • Government
  • International relations and affairs (moved to Other Social Sciences)
  • Legal systems
  • Political economy
  • Political science
  • Political theory
  • Public administration (moved to Non‐S&E Fields, Other Non‐S&E fields)
  • Public policy analysis (moved to Other Social Sciences)
  • Regional studies (moved to Other Social Sciences)

4. Sociology, Demography, and Population Studies

  • Anthropology, cultural and social (moved to Anthropology)
  • Comparative and historical sociology
  • Complex organizations
  • Cultural and social structure
  • Demography and population studies
  • Group interactions
  • Rural sociology
  • Social problems and welfare theory
  • Sociology

5. Other Social Sciences

  • Archeology
  • Area, ethnic, cultural, gender, and group studies
  • Cartography (moved from Geosciences, Atmospheric, and Ocean Sciences, Geological and Earth Sciences)
  • City, urban, community and regional planning
  • Criminal science and corrections
  • Criminology
  • Geography
  • Gerontology, social sciences
  • History of science (moved to Non‐S&E Fields, Humanities)
  • International relations and national security studies (moved from Political Science and Government)
  • Linguistics
  • Public policy analysis (moved from Political Science and Government)
  • Regional studies (moved from Political Science and Government)
  • Urban studies, affairs

I. Other Sciences

Use this category for R&D that involves at least one S&E field (rows A–H) if it is impossible to report multidisciplinary or interdisciplinary R&D expenditures in specific fields.

J. Non‐S&E Fields

1. Education

  • Education administration and supervision
  • Education research
  • Teacher education, specific levels and methods
  • Teaching fields

2. Law

  • Law
  • Legal studies

3. Humanities

  • English language and literature, letters
  • Foreign languages and literatures
  • History, including history and philosophy of science and technology
  • Humanities, general
  • Liberal arts and sciences
  • Philosophy and religious studies
  • Theology and religious vocations

4. Visual and Performing Arts

  • Drama, theatre arts and stagecraft
  • Film, video, and photographic arts
  • Fine and studio arts
  • Music

5. Business Management and Business Administration (previously Business and Management)

  • Business administration
  • Business management
  • Business, managerial economics
  • Fields of R&D for the FY 2016 Higher Education
  • Research and Development Survey
  • Management information systems and services (moved from Computer and Information Sciences)
  • Marketing management and research

6. Communication and Communications Technologies (previously Communication, Journalism, and Library Science)

  • Communication and media studies
  • Communications technologies
  • Journalism
  • Library science (moved to Other Non‐S&E Fields)
  • Radio, television, and digital communication

7. Social Work

  • (no specific examples)

8. Other Non‐S&E Fields

  • Architecture (moved from Engineering, Civil Engineering)
  • Family, consumer sciences and human sciences
  • Foods, nutrition, and wellness studies (moved from Life Sciences, Biological
  • and Biomedical Sciences)
  • Landscape architecture (moved from Life Sciences, Agricultural Sciences)
  • Library science (moved from Communication and Communications
  • Technologies)
  • Military technology and applied science
  • Parks, sports, recreation, leisure and fitness
  • Public administration and public affairs (moved from Social Sciences, Political Science and Government)
  • Other non‐S&E fields that cannot be classified using the fields listed above.
  • Also, use this category for R&D that involves multiple non‐S&E fields if it is impossible to report multidisciplinary or interdisciplinary R&D expenditures in specific fields.